Rosacea is a chronic condition affecting mostly adults. Rosacea causes redness and/or acne on the nose and neck. Rosacea usually affects people with fair skin, between the ages of 30 and 60. It typically first appears as a flushing or redness that comes and goes. Sometimes it is referred to as Acne Rosacea or misdiagnosed as adult acne. Rosacea has no known cause.
Symptoms of Rosacea:
- Flushing – Many people with rosacea have a history of frequent flushing. Facial redness may come and go. This is often the first sign of rosacea.
- Persistent Redness – Persistent facial redness is the most common sign of rosacea. It may resemble blushing or a sunburn that does not go away.
- Visible Blood Vessels – Small blood vessels may become visible on the skin.
- Bumps and Pimples – Small red bumps or pus filled pimples resembling acne often develop. There may also be burning and stinging associated with these bumps.
- Eye Irritation – Eyes may be irritated and water or appear bloodshot. This is known as Ocular Rosacea. Eyelids may become red and swollen.
- Burning or Stinging – Burning, stinging, itching or a tight feeling may occur on the face.
- Dryness – The facial skin may be rough and dry.
Things you can do to help manage Rosacea symptoms:
- Avoid sun exposure! This adversely affects rosacea. Physical sunscreens with zinc and titanium oxide work best. Wear protective clothing and a hat.
- Avoid harsh products – You should use a gentle cleanser and avoid exfoliating products, Retin-A, or products with glycolic or salicylic acid.
- Avoid Stress
- Food – There have been numerous foods reported to cause rosacea to flare including wine, spicy foods, hot temperature foods, dairy and nuts.
Dermatologists often recommend a combination of treatments tailored to each individual. Treatments can often stop the progress and/or reverse Rosacea.
- Topical medications
- Oral medications (Normally produce faster results than a topical medication)
- Laser Surgery – This helps close off dilated blood vessels
- Cosmetic products with green tint can help mask the redness
- If rosacea is affecting the eyes, eye medication and oral antibiotics can help improve the symptoms
The key to successfully managing and treating rosacea is early diagnosis and treatment. If left untreated, rosacea will get worse and may be more difficult to treat. Rosacea is a chronic condition and there is no cure; therefore, it is important to follow all of the instructions your dermatologist gives you. Some people have rosacea flare-ups their entire life. Treatment can prevent rosacea from getting worse, reduce acne-like breakouts, redness and the number of flare-ups.